Background: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is reported to cause LV diastolic dysfunction. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in each group categorized by the geometric pattern of LV hypertrophy in a community-based population. Methods: We studied 1260 community-dwelling subjects who experienced no symptoms of obvious heart disease (461 men, 799 women) and who participated in annual health check-ups in a rural Japanese community. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to LV mass index and relative wall thickness: normal geometry, concentric remodeling, eccentric hypertrophy, and concentric hypertrophy. We investigated the prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in the overall and stratified population by LV geometric pattern. LV diastolic function was determined by 3 echocardiographic parameters of LV diastolic function: early diastolic myocardial velocity, the ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity and myocardial velocity, and indexed left atrial dimension. LV diastolic dysfunction was defined as the presence of abnormal values in more than 2 of 3 echocardiographic parameters. Results: The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was higher in the categories with more severe LV hypertrophy. However, LV mass index, rather than relative wall thickness, was a significant determinant of LV diastolic dysfunction, after adjustment for comorbidities. In addition, 71 (10%) out of 740 subjects with normal LV geometric pattern had LV diastolic dysfunction even without obvious LV geometric change. Conclusions: The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was higher in the subjects with more severe LV hypertrophy in a community-based population. Subclinical LV diastolic dysfunction without obvious LV geometric change should be noted and its clinical impact should be elucidated.
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