Development of low‐frequency phased array for imaging defects in concrete structures

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

The nondestructive inspection of concrete structures is indispensable for ensuring the safety and reliability of aging infrastructures. Ultrasonic waves having a frequency of tens of kHz are frequently used to reduce the scattering attenuation due to coarse aggregates. Such low frequen-cies enable the measurement of the thickness of concrete structures and detection of layer‐type de-fects, such as delamination, whereas it causes a lack of sensitivity to crack‐type defects. In this paper, to realize the ultrasonic phased array (PA) imaging of crack‐type defects, we fabricated a low‐fre-quency (LF) array transducer with a center frequency of hundreds of kHz. To avoid the crosstalk between piezoelectric elements and dampen the vibration of each element, we adopted soft lead zirconate titanate (soft PZT) with a low mechanical quality factor. Subsequently, we optimized the geometry of each piezoelectric element using a finite element method to generate a short pulse. After validating the design in a fundamental experiment using a single‐element transducer, we fabricated a 32‐element array transducer with a center frequency of 350 kHz. To show the imaging capability of the LF array transducer, we applied it to a concrete specimen with a delamination. As a result, the PA with the LF array transducer clearly visualized the delamination, which could not be visualized using the PA with a 2.5 MHz array transducer. Furthermore, we applied it to a more chal-lenging defect, a slit, which is sometimes used to simulate crack‐type defects. As a result, the PA with the LF array transducer clearly visualized a slit of 1 mm width and 40 mm height in a concrete specimen. Thus, we demonstrated the usefulness of the LF array transducer for inspecting crack-type defects.

本文言語English
論文番号7012
ジャーナルSensors
21
21
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 11 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化学
  • 情報システム
  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 生化学
  • 器械工学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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