Disk diffusion susceptibility interpretive criteria for tebipenem against Staphylococcus spp. and Haemophilus influenzae were developed using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Tebipenem was tested by disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods against 119 clinical isolates of Staphylococcus spp. and 102 clinical isolates of H. influenzae. The zone diameters of 5-, 10-, and 30-μg disks were compared with broth microdilution minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results by scattergram and regression analysis. When the MIC breakpoint of 1 μg/ml was applied to the scattergrams, the 10-μg disk showed good correlation between the zone diameters and the MIC values. The corresponding disk diffusion zone diameter breakpoints with the 10-μg disk for Staphylococcus spp. were ≧22 mm (MIC ≦1 μg/ml) for susceptible, 20-21 mm (MIC = 2 μg/ml) for intermediate, and ≦19 mm (MIC ≧4 μg/ml) for resistant. We also proposed the breakpoint zone diameter of H. influenzae: ≧22 mm (MIC ≦1 μg/ml) for susceptible. These criteria demonstrated that the categorical agreements between disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods for Staphylococcus spp. and H. influenzae were 95.0% and 99.0%, respectively. The discrepancy rates of these criteria were acceptable to the CLSI guidelines.
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