Background: Selenoprotein P (SeP), a selenium-rich extracellular glycoprotein, is the primary selenoprotein in the plasma. SeP plays an important role in the maintenance of selenium levels in the peripheral tissues. We developed a new sol particle homogeneous immunoassay (SPIA) for measuring full-length SeP (FL-SeP) levels in the human serum. Methods: We used colloidal gold particles coated with two types of anti-SeP monoclonal antibodies, one recognizing the N-terminal side domain of SeP and the other recognizing the C-terminal side domain. Results: The assay range was 0.2-9 mg/l, and the linearity was excellent. The within-day and between-day coefficients of variation ranged from 0.73% to 2.24% and 0.45% to 1.11%, respectively. Serum samples (n = 200) were examined using the newly developed assay system (employing a Model 7070 Hitachi automatic clinical analyzer) and the conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. These two methods were compared using the Passing-Bablok regression analysis; the resulting regression equation and correlation coefficient were y = 0.940x + 0.165 and r = 0.954, respectively. Conclusions: Our new SPIA assay is a fully automated homogeneous immunoassay that can be used in conjunction with various commercial analyzers. The assay was sensitive, precise, and suitable for clinical measurement of the FL-SeP in the human serum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Medical Laboratory Technology
- Biochemistry, medical
- Microbiology (medical)