Development and application of a simulation model for the thermophilic oxic process for treating swine waste

Kyoungho Jeon, Kazunori Nakano, Osamu Nishimura

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

The thermophilic oxic process (TOP) is a composting process that enables simultaneous complete decomposition and evaporation of organic waste under high temperature conditions supported by well-balanced calorific value control. To develop the simulation model for TOP, three-dimensional relationships among decomposition rate constant, temperature (20-70 °C) and moisture content (30-70%) were determined for swine waste and cooking oil based on the oxygen consumption rate during a thermophilic oxic decomposition reaction. The decomposition rate of swine waste and cooking oil under various moisture contents was described by the Arrhenius equation. The optimal temperature and moisture content were 60 °C and 60% for swine waste and 60 °C and 50% for cooking oil, respectively. The simulation model for TOP was constructed on the basis of the carbon, heat, and moisture balance. The validation of the simulation model was examined by comparing the measured temperature in the TOP reactor to that estimated by the simulation. The simulation model was proven by comparing experimental and calculated values. The relationship between the injection calorific value and the process mechanism of TOP was interpreted by the simulation model. On the basis of their relationship during TOP, the appropriate process conditions were discussed.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)348-356
ページ数9
ジャーナルWater Research
45
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生態モデリング
  • 水の科学と技術
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 汚染

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