PURPOSE. To identify determinants of Bruch’s membrane opening (BMO), and BMO– minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) and circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) centered on BMO center and characterize these parameters in a normal Japanese population. METHODS. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of optic nerve head and circumpapillary and macular retina were obtained in 258 eyes of 258 normal Japanese with mean (standard deviation) age of 51.7 (18.2) years. BMO area, BMO-MRW, RNFLT (measured with a 3.5-mm-diameter circle scan) were all acquired and analyzed relative to the eye-specific fovea to BMO (FoBMO) axis. One randomly selected eye of each subject was analyzed. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify determinants to the parameters. RESULTS. BMO area, global BMO-MRW, RNFLT, and FoBMO angle averaged 2.06 (0.45) mm2, 305.5 (50.0) μm, 101.8 (9.6) μm, and -7.8° (3.8°), respectively. There was a modest correlation between global BMO-MRW and RNFLT (r = 0.337; P < 0.001), while the sectorwise correlations were highest in the superior-temporal sector (r = 0.500; P < 0.001) and lowest in the nasal sector (r = 0.117; P = 0.063). Global BMO-MRW and RNFLT declined with age at -1.04 μm/y (P < 0.001) and -0.12 μm/y (P = 0.001), and the former correlated negatively (P = 0.001) and the latter positively (P < 0.001) with BMO area after adjustment for other factors (R2 = 0.191 and 0.272, respectively). BMO area correlated positively with axial length (P = 0.023) and negatively with age (P < 0.001) (R2 = 0.157). CONCLUSIONS. BMO-MRW and RNFLT declined with age with a difference between them in their relationship to BMO area. BMO area positively correlated with axial length and negatively with age.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience