Neuroblastoma (NB) is a well-known malignant disease in infants, but its molecular mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. To investigate the genetic contribution of abnormalities on the long arm of chromosome 14 (14q) in NB, we analysed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 54 primary NB samples using 12 microsatellite markers on 14q32. Seventeen (31%) of 54 tumours showed LOH at one or more of the markers analysed, and the smallest common region of allelic loss was identified between D14S62 and D14S987. This region was estimated to be 1-cM long from the linkage map. Fluorescence in situ hybridization also confirmed the loss. There was no statistical correlation between LOH and any clinicopathologic features, including age, stage, amplification of MYCN and ploidy. We further constructed a contig spanning the lost region using bacterial artificial chromosome and estimated this region to be approximately 1.1-Mb by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Our results will contribute to cloning and characterizing the putative tumour-associated gene(s) in 14q32 in NB. (C) 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.
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