Research to improve the dimensional properties of silver nanowires (Ag NWs) for transparent conductive film (TCF) applications are being carried out intensively. However, the protocol for the designed synthesis of high-quality Ag NWs is yet to be developed due to the inadequacy of knowledge on the role of parameters. Here, we attempt to elucidate the role played by the parameters and propose a monoalcohol-copolymer based system for the designed synthesis of Ag NWs superior in quality to the one synthesized using conventional ethylene glycol (EG)-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) system. The key findings of the study are as follows: (1) the solubility of Ag source and the partially formed AgCl particles in monoalcohols was found to play an important role not only in the reduction to metallic Ag but also on the uniaxial growth, (2) the adsorption of capping agents on Ag NWs was carried through O and N atoms in the base molecule and their binding energies indicated that the strength is the key parameter to obtain Ag NWs with high aspect ratio, (3) the properties of nanowire could be enhanced through copolymerization of VP and base molecules that have O- and N-based ligands, and (4) the influence of copolymerization on the physical and chemical properties of the surface active agent has been theoretically and experimentally verified. Consequently, we succeeded in the development of a new technique to synthesize high yield of Ag NWs with improved aspect ratio than EG-PVP system by using benzyl alcohol as reducing solvent and N-vinylpyrrolidone/N,N-diethylaminoethyl metacrylate copolymer as a capping agent. The optical transmittance and electrical resistivity of TCFs prepared using the Ag NWs with an average diameter of 43 nm, and an average length of 13 μm were 98.6% and R: 49.1 Ω/□, respectively.
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