Density-dependent interspecific interactions and the complexity–stability relationship

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Ever since May theorized that communities with larger numbers of species or interspecific interactions are inherently unstable, the mechanism allowing for the stable existence of complex communities in nature has been a central question in ecology. The main efforts to answer this question have sought to identify non-random features of ecological systems that can reverse a negative complexity–stability relationship into a positive one, but are far from successful, especially in their generality. Here, using the traditional community matrix analysis, we show that variation in the density dependence of interspecific interactions, which should be ubiquitous in nature, can dramatically affect the complexity–stability relationship. More specifically, we reveal that a positive complexity–stability relationship arises when harmful interspecific effects have larger density dependence than beneficial ones, regardless of the signs (i.e. positive or negative) of their dependence. Furthermore, numerical simulations demonstrated the synergistic stabilizing effect of interaction type diversity and density-dependence variation. Thus, this concept of density-dependence variation advances our understanding of the complexity–stability relationship in the real world.

本文言語English
論文番号20180698
ジャーナルProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
285
1879
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 5 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)
  • 環境科学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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