Deep learning techniques for predicting nonlinear multi-component seismic responses of structural buildings

Ahmed A. Torky, Susumu Ohno

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

This paper presents a new approach for nonlinear multi-component seismic response prediction of structures using hybrid deep learning techniques. Modern recurrent neural networks map the relationship between acceleration time-series of the base/ground of a building and the superstructure, as a form of nonlinear time-history analysis method. Seismic responses were measured in three components which enables multi-component seismic predictions with adequate deep learning architectures. While long short-term memory (LSTM) neural networks can obtain data from a single component per surrogate model, hybrid convolutional-LSTMs (ConvLSTM) neural networks are utilized for multi-component purposes. A guide for pre-processing data and structuring the architecture of deep neural networks are proposed. Also, two filtering methods are compared, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) Butterworth filter and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) decomposition. Decimation is implemented to reduce the features to useful values, as a dimension reduction approach. With enhancements to the architecture of the network, training time can be reduced significantly, and accuracy could be further improved. A challenging case study is addressed that covers an industrial level practical building. Results show that proposed hybrid models can even predict the capacity curves of a structure indirectly, providing new prospects for engineers to evaluate the seismic performance of a building.

本文言語English
論文番号106570
ジャーナルComputers and Structures
252
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 土木構造工学
  • モデリングとシミュレーション
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 機械工学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用

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