We assessed light-induced Fos-immunoreactive cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of diabetic rats. The number of Fos-immunoreactive cells significantly decreased in diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats as compared with control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats. In contrast there was no decrease in the number of Fos-immunoreactive cells in young OLETF rats which have not yet developed diabetes. Two months after the administration of streptozotocin (STZ) to Wistar rats, the number of Fos-immunoreactive cells significantly decreased, although 1 week after the administration of STZ, the number had not yet changed in these STZ- induced diabetic rats. These results suggest that chronic diabetic (hyperglycemic) conditions may affect the light entraining responses in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).
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