Diekmann and Preisendörfer (1998) showed that there exist substantial inconsistencies between individuals' environmental attitudes and their behaviors. They also identified three cognitive strategies that help individuals to harmonize and reconcile these seemingly incongruent behaviors and attitudes. However, they did not specify sufficiently the generative mechanism or process that leads individuals to these cognitive strategies, and their empirical analyses of social survey data are inadequate for testing their theoretical arguments. In this paper, first, we develop Diekmann and Preisendörfer's (1998) idea further and construct a two-stage model of decision-making and justification in a potential "social dilemma" situation, focusing on the problem of recycling. The model that we propose here is a coupling of the idea of rational choice and that of cognitive dissonance reduction. We deduce several propositions from our model and translate some of them into falsifiable or empirically testable predictions, which include those on the "false consensus effect," the association between perceived "efficacy" and environmental behaviors, and the association between normative consciousness and the behaviors. The next step for us is to analyze social survey data in order to examine whether these predictions are supported or not.
|ジャーナル||Sociological Theory and Methods|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2007|
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