By using amorphous potassium titanates as the starting materials, a sintered body of K2Ti4O9 or K2Ti6O13 with porous and fibrous textures was prepared. K2Ti2O5 and a new phase, K6Ti4O11 were synthesized by the thermal reaction of KNO3 with TiO2 at 1000° C for 10 to 20 h. On leaching in water to expel excess of potassium ions, both phases became amorphous. After mixing and moulding these amorphous materials in the desired proportion, a sintered body containing fibrous crystals of K2Ti4O9 was readily fabricated by heating at 1000° C for 12 h. When ∼ 5 wt % B2O3 was added to the amorphous phases, single phase K2Ti6O13, with a fibrous texture grew well on heating at 1000° C for 12 h. Addition of PVA polymer to the amorphous phases was responsible for controlling the porosity of the sintered body, e.g. about 52% theoretical density at 20 wt% PVA polymer. The optimum conditions for preparing the amorphous phases were systematically examined and the effect of the chemical reaction environments, such as different crucible materials on the calcination of KNO3 and TiO2 were also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas