cis-Prenyltransferases (cis-PTs) catalyze consecutive condensations of isopentenyl diphosphate to an allylic diphosphate acceptor to produce a linear polyprenyl diphosphate of designated length. Dimer formation is a prerequisite for cis-PTs to catalyze all cis-prenyl condensation reactions. The structure-function relationship of a conserved C-terminal RXG motif in cis-PTs that forms inter-subunit interactions and has a role in catalytic activity has attracted much attention. Here, we solved the crystal structure of a medium-chain cis-PT from Thermobifida fusca that produces dodecaprenyl diphosphate as a polyprenoid glycan carrier for cell wall synthesis. The structure revealed a characteristic dimeric architecture of cis-PTs in which a rigidified RXG motif of one monomer formed inter-subunit hydrogen bonds with the catalytic site of the other monomer, while the RXG motif of the latter remained flexible. Careful analyses suggested the existence of a possible long-range negative cooperativity between the two catalytic sites on the two monomeric subunits that allowed the binding of one subunit to stabilize the formation of the enzyme-substrate ternary complex and facilitated the release of Mg-PPi and subsequent intra-molecular translocation at the counter subunit so that the condensation reaction could occur in consecutive cycles. The current structure reveals the dynamic nature of the RXG motif and provides a rationale for pursuing further investigations to elucidate the inter-subunit cooperativity of cis-PTs.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 11 12|
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