Crossover phase diagrams in the magnetic field versus temperature (H-T) plane of the nonmagnetic heavy-fermion metamagnets UT<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf> (T:Ir, Co) are studied by measuring the magnetic and electronic transport properties. The crossover phase diagrams of UIr<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf> and UCo<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf> are composed of a low-magnetic-field region (LFR) and a high-magnetic-field region (HFR), which are characterized by magnetic properties and the Hall effect, respectively. The LFR is found to form a closed area in the H-T plane, which is a quite different feature from the conventional uranium heavy-fermion compounds and the first observation in uranium compounds. From the drastic anomaly in the Hall effect at a metamagnetic field of UIr<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf>, it is found that the metamagnetic behavior in UIr<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf> corresponds to a crossover from the heavy-fermion state to the field-induced ferromagnetic or polarized paramagnetic state accompanied by the reconstruction or topology change of Fermi surfaces. In UCo<inf>2</inf>Zn<inf>20</inf>, on the other hand, no sign of abrupt change in the electronic state at the metamagnetic field is observed. These contrastive crossover phase diagrams and the electronic state changes at the metamagnetic field are due to the different hybridization strengths between the 5 f electrons of U atoms and the d electrons of Ir and Co atoms, leading to the differences in magnetic correlation and crystalline electric field ground state or the degree of itinerancy of 5 f electrons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)