Creep rupture data and microstructural degradation during aging of high Cr ferritic boiler steels with enhanced creep strength have been studied with special attention to prediction of long term creep rupture life. Tempered lath martensite structure in the high Cr ferritic steels remains unchanged during short term aging, whereas static recovery of the lath martensite structure proceeds when diffusion distance during aging becomes sufficiently long as is the case in long term creep. The static recovery brings about premature failure in long term creep and decreases in apparent activation energy for creep life. The decrease in activation energy is responsible for overestimation of rupture life reported in strength enhanced high Cr ferritic steels. The boundary from a short term region with high activation energy QH to a long term region with low activation energy QL moves towards longer time with decreasing Cr concentration. The difference in activation energy (QH - QL) primarily determines the extent of overestimation of rupture life predicted from short term data. In general, the extent of overestimation is less serious at 9%Cr as compared to 12%Cr.
|ジャーナル||International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2010 6|
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