Radiation-induced effects on optical properties such as thermoluminescence and optical absorption of pure fused silica-core optical fibers were investigated in situ under gamma-ray irradiation at 0.16 mGy/s and 1273 K in air. The intensities of broad optical transmission peaks below 900 nm decreased due to appearances of non-bridging oxygen hole center (NBOHC), oxygen deficiency centers (ODCs), and optical leakage with increasing annealing time. The intensities of optical absorption and luminescence characteristics peaks at 1390 nm were enhanced by the increment of Si-OH concentration due to the reaction of water vapor or hydrogen with NBOHC, ODCs, and SiO2 glass network. In addition, high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) showed that SiO2 crystals approximately 10 nm in diameter were formed in the clad and core of the irradiated optical fiber. The crystallization of the SiO2 glass network had greater influence on the optical transmission and luminescence properties.
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