DNA polymorphism between two major japonica rice cultivars, Nipponbare and Koshihikari, was identified by AFLP. Eighty-four polymorphic AFLP markers were obtained by analysis with 360 combinations of primer pairs. Nucleotide sequences of 73 markers, 29 from Nipponbare and 44 from Koshihikari, were determined, and 46 AFLP markers could be assigned to rice chromosomes based on sequence homology to the rice genome sequence. Specific primers were designed for amplification of the regions covering the AFLP markers and the flanking sequences. Out of the 46 primer pairs, 44 amplified single DNA fragments, six of which showed different sizes between Nipponbare and Koshihikari, yielding codominant SCAR markers. Eight primer pairs amplified only Nipponbare sequences, providing dominant SCAR markers. DNA fragments amplified by 13 primer pairs showed polymorphism by CAPS, and polymorphism of those amplified by 13 other primer pairs were detected by PCR-RF-SSCP PRS. Nucleotide sequences of the other four DNA fragments were determined in Koshihikari, but no difference was found between Koshihikari and Nipponbare. In total, 40 sequence-specific markers for the combination of Nipponbare and Koshihikari were produced. All the SNPs identified by AFLP were detectable by CAPS and PRS. The same method was applicable to a combination of Kokoromachi and Tohoku 168, and 23 polymorphic markers were identified using these two rice cultivars. The procedure of conversion of AFLP-markers to the sequence-specific markers used in this study enables efficient sequence-specific marker production for closely related cultivars.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 10|
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