Conversion of a conventional superconductor into a topological superconductor by topological proximity effect

C. X. Trang, N. Shimamura, K. Nakayama, S. Souma, K. Sugawara, I. Watanabe, K. Yamauchi, T. Oguchi, K. Segawa, T. Takahashi, Yoichi Ando, T. Sato

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Realization of topological superconductors (TSCs) hosting Majorana fermions is a central challenge in condensed-matter physics. One approach is to use the superconducting proximity effect (SPE) in heterostructures, where a topological insulator contacted with a superconductor hosts an effective p-wave pairing by the penetration of Cooper pairs across the interface. However, this approach suffers a difficulty in accessing the topological interface buried deep beneath the surface. Here, we propose an alternative approach to realize topological superconductivity without SPE. In a Pb(111) thin film grown on TlBiSe2, we discover that the Dirac-cone state of substrate TlBiSe2 migrates to the top surface of Pb film and obtains an energy gap below the superconducting transition temperature of Pb. This suggests that a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductor is converted into a TSC by the topological proximity effect. Our discovery opens a route to manipulate topological superconducting properties of materials.

本文言語English
論文番号159
ジャーナルNature communications
11
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 12 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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