Controlled undercooling of liquid iron in contact with Al 2O 3 Substrates under varying oxygen partial pressures

Martin E. Valdez, Pello Uranga, Katsuhiro Fuchigami, H. Shibata, Alan W. Cramb

研究成果: Review article査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The objective of this study was to determine the conditions under which alumina can act as a heterogeneous nucleant to initiate the solidification of undercooled liquid iron. The undercooling of a pure iron sessile droplet in contact with Al 2O 3 substrates was measured under controlled oxygen partial pressures by observing droplet recalescence. The experimental results indicated that the undercooling of liquid iron, in contact with an Al 2O 3 substrate, did not have a unique value, varied from 0°C to 290°C, and was significantly affected by the oxygen content of the gas phase and the degree of interaction between the oxide and the metal. Deep undercoolings are possible at low oxygen potentials, provided the oxygen potential is such that substantial substrate decomposition does not occur. The measured undercooling was a strong function of gas phase oxygen content and a maximum in undercooling of 290°C was measured at PO 2 = 10 -19 atm. The variation in undercooling was related to the wetting of the substrate by the liquid metal, where the deepest undercoolings occurred when the highest contact angle between the substrate and the liquid droplet was achieved.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)811-821
ページ数11
ジャーナルMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
37
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 10月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 材料力学
  • 金属および合金
  • 材料化学

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