The synergism of technical refinement and advanced technology has significantly increased the popularity of infrapopliteal intervention. Since chronic total occlusion (CTO) is a common disorder among patients with symptomatic infrapopliteal artery disease, infrapopliteal CTO intervention is now evolving rapidly in the field of endovascular intervention. Guidewire crossing through the CTO is essential for a successful procedure. We review up-to-date infrapopliteal CTO crossing techniques based on the current literature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas