It is known that the curvature perturbation on uniform energy density (or comoving or uniform Hubble) slices on superhorizon scales is conserved to full nonlinear order if the pressure is only a function of the energy density (i.e. if the perturbation is purely adiabatic), independent of the gravitational theory. Here, we explicitly show that the same conservation holds for a universe dominated by a single scalar field provided that the field is in an attractor regime, for a very general class of scalar-field theories. However, we also show that if the scalar-field equation contains a second time derivative of the metric, as in the case of the Galileon (or kinetic braiding) theory, one has to invoke the gravitational-field equations to show the conservation.
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