The number of identical S-alleles between two wild populations of B. campestris, one in Turkey, the other in Japan, that have been independent of one another for a long time was investigated. Diallel pollination tests between 38 S-allele homozygotes, i.e., 16 S-allele homozygotes from Turkey and 22 from Japan, revealed that these were 29 different S-alleles only 4 common ones. These S-alleles were differentiated by the iso-electric focusing (IEF) analysis of S-locus glycoproteins (SLGs) stained with an antiserum against SLG8. All identical S-alleles had the major SLG band at the same pI value without exception, even though they were collected from different populations. However, the number of minor bands of SLGs varied between the two populations; the S-alleles in Balcesme had generally fewer minor bands than those in Oguni. The 29 independent S-alleles were numbered from S21 to S49 according to the pI value of the major SLG band. The major bands whose pI values were 7.5-8.5 were most common. Blot-hybridization patterns of genomic DNA hybridized with SLG8 cDNA were not always the same among the strains of identical S-alleles obtained from different populations. Because about 20% of the S-alleles were shared between the two populations, it can be inferred that more than hundreds of S-alleles have been accumulated by mutation in B. campestris throughout the world.
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