The localization of acid and alkaline phosphatases in the intraradical hyphae of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Glomus mosseae (Nicol. and Gerd.) Gerd. and Trappe (Gm), Gl. etunicatum Becker and Gerd. (Ge) and Gigaspora rosea Nicol. and Schenck (Gir) were compared. Marigold (Tagetes patula L.) and leek (Allium porrum L.) were inoculated with each of the three fungi. The mycorrhizal roots were harvested at 3, 4, 5 and 6 weeks after sowing (WAS), treated with a digestion solution containing cellulase and pectinase, and then stained for phosphatase activities at pH 5.0 and pH 8.5. The development of fungal structures in the host root was also examined. Gm formed fine-branched (mature) arbuscules only at the early phase of infection (3 to 4 WAS). Mature arbuscules of Ge and Gir were observed from the early phase (4 WAS) up to the end of experiment. At pH 5.0, the localization of the phosphatase activities of the three fungi were similar irrespective to host plant species. The activity appeared in mature arbuscules and intercellular hyphae, whereas the collapsed arbuscules were inactive. Ten millimolar NaF, an acid phosphatase inhibitor, inhibited the phosphatase activities of Gm and Ge but did not affect that of Gir. At pH 8.5, a difference among the fungal species was found in the localization of phosphatase activity while that between host species was not. The mature arbuscules were also the active sites in all three species. Only Gir showed the activity in the intercellular hyphae while the two Glomus spp. did not. Five millimolar EDTA inhibited the activity of Gir at pH 8.5 while the activities of Ge and Gm were not affected by either 5 m M EDTA or 10 m M KCN (both are alkaline phosphatase inhibitors).
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