Modifying effects of Fe, Co or Ni over 1 wt% Rh/MgO on the catalytic performance in the catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) of methane were investigated. The optimization of the additive amount was determined by the results of the activity test in the CPO of methane with N2 dilution. The optimum amount of Co (Co/Rh = 1) or Ni (Ni/Rh = 1.5) addition to Rh/MgO enhanced the CH4 conversion and selectivities to H2 and CO, in contrast, the addition of Fe to Rh/MgO decreased the properties. The results of H2 titration and H2 adsorption on the catalysts quenched from the CPO reaction conditions indicate that the Rh-Co/MgO gave low oxidation degree during the CPO of methane and high resistance to the oxidation was demonstrated. In the CPO of methane without N2 dilution, Rh-Co/MgO (Co/Rh = 1) had much lower catalyst bed temperatures than other catalysts, and it can suppress the hot spot formation. This property is also related to the high resistance to the oxidation. The catalyst surface is maintained in a reduced state even in the presence of oxygen enables the overlap of the exothermic oxidation zone with endothermic reforming zone and can decrease the bed temperature remarkably.
ASJC Scopus subject areas