Melanoma is a recalcitrant cancer. To improve and individualize treatment for this disease, we previously developed a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model for melanoma. We previously reported the individual efficacy of tumor-targeting Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (S. typhimurium A1-R) and recombinant methioninase (rMETase) for melanoma in the PDOX models of this disease. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of the combination of S. typhimurium A1-R with orally-administered rMETase (o-rMETase) for BRAF-V600E-negative melanoma in a PDOX model. Three weeks after implantation, 60 PDOX mouse models were randomized into six groups of 10 mice each: untreated control, temozolomide (TEM); o-rMETase; S. typhimurium A1-R; TEM + rMETase, S. typhimurium A1-R + rMETase. All treatments inhibited tumor growth compared to untreated control (TEM: p < 0.0001, rMETase: p < 0.0001, S. typhimurium A1-R: p < 0.0001, TEM + rMETase: p < 0.0001, S. typhimurium A1-R + rMETase: p < 0.0001). The most effective was the combination of S. typhimurium A1-R + o-rMETase which regressed this melanoma PDOX, thereby indicating a new paradigm for treatment of metastatic melanoma.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 9 18|
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