Collateral function modified by glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole during coronary occlusion in conscious dogs

Shozo Nabeyama, Hitonobu Tomoike, Katashi Hisano, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Takeshi Inoue, Hideo Yamamoto, Motoomi Nakamura

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Summary: The effects of glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole on induced ischaemia were studied in awake dogs during transient coronary occlusion before and after collateral development. Seventeen dogs were instrumented under sterile conditions with a miniature pressure gauge to measure left ventricular pressure, a cannula for aortic pressure, and pairs of piezoelectric crystals towards the subendocardium of the left ventricle for regional segment length measurements. A hydraulic cuff occluder and Doppler flow probe were placed around the left circumflex coronary artery. Collateral function was increased by repeated 2 min coronary occlusions at 32 min intervals for 2-9 days until regional wall motion returned to preocclusive values, despite the persistence of coronary occlusion. The effects of glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole were studied after the initial haemodynamic changes had subsided. Collateral function was quantified by integrating changes in end systolic length of the ischaemic area during coronary occlusion. Before collateral development the end systolic length area was 29.4(2.4) cm·s and was unchanged by glyceryl trinitrate or dipyridamole. After the development of collaterals the end systolic length area decreased from 4.1(1.1) to 2.2(1.0) cm·s (p<0.01) after glyceryl trinitrate and increased to 14.9(1.7) cm·s (p<0.01) after dipyridamole. Therefore, glyceryl trinitrate acted directly on collaterals and improved the induced ischaemia, whereas dipyridamole exaggerated the regional wall motion abnormality.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)177-187
ページ数11
ジャーナルCardiovascular Research
21
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1987 3月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 生理学(医学)

フィンガープリント

「Collateral function modified by glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole during coronary occlusion in conscious dogs」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル