Cloning and sequence analysis of the tyrosinase gene from a patient with tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism

Jun Matsunaga, Atsushi Takeda, Yasushi Tomita, Masahiro Hara, Shigeki Shibahara, Hachiro Tagami

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Tyrosinase is synthesized on membrane-bound ribosomes and transported into melanosomes through smooth endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. Melanin polymers are produced only in melanosomes but never in smooth endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus, indicating that posttranslational modifications of tyrosinase are completed with melanosomes where tyrosinase becomes an active form. Based on a working hypothesis that tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism is a consequence of the structurally altered tyrosinase due to a point mutation in the gene of its gene coding for a glycosylation site or a membrane-binding site, which leads to the impairment in the posttranslational modification of tyrosinase and its catalytic activity, we have cloned the tyrosinase gene of one patient affected with tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism and determined its nucleotide sequence. Thus demonstrated all exons' nucleotide sequence of the patient's tyrosinase gene was found to be identical to that of the wild-type gene. The results indicate that the patient's tyrosinase itself is not altered. We therefore propose that the molecular basis for the development of tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism exists as a defect in other proteins required for the activation of tyrosinase or in other regions of the tyrosinase gene.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)181-185
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of dermatological science
3
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1992 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 皮膚病学

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