Clinicopathological findings of non-small-cell lung cancer with high serum progastrin-releasing peptide concentrations

Keita Kudo, Fumiyoshi Ohyanagi, Atushi Horiike, Eisaku Miyauchi, Noriko Yanagitani, Rira Hoshi, Yukitoshi Satoh, Noriko Motoi, Wakako Hamanaka, Yuichi Ishikawa, Mingyon Mun, Yukinori Sakao, Sakae Okumura, Ken Nakagawa, Takeshi Horai, Makoto Nishio

研究成果: Article査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Although progastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP) is used as a serum tumor marker for small cell lung cancer (SCLC), high serum pro-GRP concentrations are observed in some non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). The characteristics of these NSCLCs are not well known. To determine the clinicopathological features of NSCLC in patients with elevated serum proGRP concentrations, serum proGRP values were assessed in 654 advanced lung cancer patients, and positive (>46. pg/mL) NSCLC specimens were subjected to cytological and histopathological reevaluation. Serum proGRP concentrations were positive in 34 of 421 NSCLC patients (8.1%) and 186 of 233 SCLC patients (80%). Histological subtypes of the 34 NSCLC patients at diagnosis were 20 adenocarcinomas, 5 squamous cell carcinomas, 4 large cell carcinomas, and 5 large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. Six of 27 cytology specimens contained characteristic neuroendocrine morphology. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that 11 of 17 tumors were positive for neuroendocrine markers (64.7%). Twenty of 34 serum proGRP-positive NSCLC patients received platinum-based chemotherapy, and the response rate was 55.0%. These results suggest that serum proGRP-positive NSCLCs may have neuroendocrine differentiation. In addition, serum proGRP-positive NSCLCs may have clinical characteristics that are different from other NSCLCs.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)401-404
ページ数4
ジャーナルLung Cancer
74
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 12
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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