We study quasi-one-dimensional electron-hole (e-h) systems by applying a self-consistent screened T-matrix approximation (SSTA), which can treat an e-h pair embedded in the background of the exciton-plasma mixture, characterized by the exciton ionization ratio. Two classical-quantum crossovers are found. The first crossover takes place as the drastic suppression of ionization ratio, representing the onset of the quantum dissociation of the exciton (binding-energy reduction and level-broadening effects). The second one can be seen in a gradual change in the interband absorption-gain and photoluminescence spectra: Moss-Burstein effects become significant, and the e-h plasma starts to dominate the optical gain. Most of the features of the absorption-gain spectra observed in the recent experiments can be captured semiquantitatively by our SSTA.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012 9 10|
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