Chiral bisphosphazides complexed with lithium salts efficiently catalyze the direct enantioselective 1,4-addition of dialkyl malonates to acyclic enones. Spectroscopic studies on the stoichiometry of the bisphosphazide and lithium salt have indicated the formation of a 1:1 species as the active enantioselective catalyst. It is suggested that the catalyst generates a complex of the protonated phosphazide and the chiral nucleophile as the key intermediate. The phosphazide moiety appears to be a promising dual basic functionality for stereo- and chemoselective catalytic transformations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry