Chemical characterization of the oligosaccharides in Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) milk and colostrum

K. Fukuda, A. Yamamoto, K. Ganzorig, J. Khuukhenbaatar, A. Senda, T. Saito, T. Urashima

    研究成果: Article査読

    44 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Bactrian camel milk and colostrum are commonly used as foods in Mongolia, whose people believe that these products promote human health. It has been hypothesized that milk oligosaccharides are biologically significant components of human milk, acting as receptor analogs that inhibit the attachment of pathogenic microorganisms to the colonic mucosa, and as prebiotics, which stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria within the infant colon. To evaluate their biological significance, we studied the oligosaccharides present in samples of Bactrian camel milk and colostrum. Using 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we identified and characterized the following oligosaccharides of camel colostrum: Gal(β1-4)[Fuc(α1-3)]Glc (3-fucosyllactose), Gal(β1-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (3′-galactosyllactose), Gal(β1-6)Gal(β1-4)Glc (6′-galactosyllactose), Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (3′-sialyllactose), Neu5Ac(α2-6)Gal(β1-4)Glc (6′-sialyllactose), Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (sialyl-3′-galactosyllactose), Neu5Ac(α2-6)Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (sialyllacto-N-tetraose c), Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-3)[Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-6)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (sialyllacto-N-novopentaose a), Gal(β1-3)[Neu5Ac(α2-6)Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-6)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (sialyllacto-N-novopentaose b); and Neu5Ac(α2-6)Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-3)[Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-6)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (monosialyllacto-N-neohexaose). The oligosaccharides in the mature camel milk were characterized as 3′-galactosyllactose, Gal(β1-3)[Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc(β1-6)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (lacto-N-novopentaose I), and 3′-sialyllactose.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)5572-5587
    ページ数16
    ジャーナルJournal of Dairy Science
    93
    12
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2010 12月

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 食品科学
    • 動物科学および動物学
    • 遺伝学

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