This study used the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method to evaluate the indoor thermal environment of an air-conditioned train station building under three types of air-conditioning design schemes. The impacts of air-conditioning design parameters such as supply air temperature, velocity, altitude and angle of incidence were also investigated. The numerical results showed that if the waiting hall and entrance hall of the train station building were connected to each other and served with the cooling air respectively, when the cooling loads in the two halls were fixed and air-conditioning systems were designed properly, altering largely the cooling air supply scheme in the waiting hall while keeping the cooling air supply scheme in the entrance hall unchanged would have significant effects on the air distribution and thermal comfort in the occupied region of the waiting hall but may have some minor effects on those in the occupied region of the entrance hall. The uniformities of velocity and temperature distributions in the occupied region of waiting hall were satisfactory when side supply scheme was applied. Changing supply air temperature, velocity, altitude and angle of incidence would yield great effects on the thermal environment in the train station building. For the stratified air-conditioning design in the train station building, in order to obtain the satisfactory thermal comfort in the occupied region, the mid-height of the building was found to be a good position for the cooling air supply and the supply angle of 0° from the horizontal could be recommendable. The results also indicated that analyzing the effects of air-conditioning design parameters on the building environment with CFD was an effective method to find the way to optimize the air-conditioning design scheme.
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