Chiral primary β-amino alcohols, constuting adjacently positioned Brønsted base and Brønsted acid sites, are emerging as very valuable bifunctional organocatalysts in a wide array of asymmetric organic transformations. Primary β-amino alcohols represent inexpensive alternatives to other primary amino organocatalysts such as chiral diamines and cinchona-alkaloid-derived primary amines, being easy to synthesize and air-stable and offering the potential for introduction of different functional groups and also for alteration of steric sites. Here we reveal the catalytic use of simple primary β-amino alcohols and their derivatives as organocatalysts in Diels–Alder cycloaddition, aldol condensation, Michael addition, 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition, the Morita–Baylis–Hillman reaction, cascade cyclization, allylation of isatins, Friedel–Crafts alkylation and epoxidation of olefins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry