Cataclastic and crystal-plastic deformation in shallow mantle-wedge serpentinite controlled by cyclic changes in pore fluid pressures

Ken ichi Hirauchi, Yurina Nagata, Kengo Kataoka, Ryosuke Oyanagi, Atsushi Okamoto, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Episodic tremor and slip (ETS) events in the forearc mantle wedge of a warm subduction zone may reflect mixed brittle–ductile deformation of serpentinite in association with high pore fluid pressures. To understand deformation mechanisms and processes occurring in the hydrated mantle wedge, we examined in the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt, SW Japan, an antigorite serpentinite shear zone derived from mantle wedge that was formed under pressure and temperature conditions that correspond to the ETS regions. The serpentinite underwent multiple extensional (mode I) and extensional–shear (mode I–II) failure events at supralithostatic pore fluid pressures (Pf). Such failure events led to drops in Pf (several MPa) and formation of a distributed ‘fault–fracture mesh’. Antigorite precipitation in the fracture openings contributed to an increase in Pf until the failure condition was reached again, and thereby antigorite kinetics controlled the recurrence interval of seismic events. We also suggest that under the low-Pf conditions that facilitate intracrystalline plasticity rather than cataclasis, the newly precipitated antigorite aggregates (localized along shear bands) deform by dislocation creep at a high strain rate and high shear stress, resulting in the transient, accelerated viscous creep that may characterize slow slip transients.

本文言語English
論文番号117232
ジャーナルEarth and Planetary Science Letters
576
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 12 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球物理学
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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