Bone metabolic activity around dental implants under loading observed using bone scintigraphy

Hiroto Sasaki, Shigeto Koyama, Masayoshi Yokoyama, Keiichiro Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Itoh, Keiichi Sasaki

研究成果: Article査読

16 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine dynamic changes in bone metabolism around osseointegrated titanium implants under mechanical stress. Materials and Methods: Two titanium implants were inserted parallel to each other in the tibiae of rats and perpendicular to the bone surface with the superior aspect of the implant exposed. Eight weeks after insertion, closed coil springs with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 N were applied to the exposed superior portion of the implant for 7 weeks to apply a continuous mechanical stress. Bone scintigrams were performed using a gamma camera with a modified high-resolution pinhole collimator. Images were made at 1, 4, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, 49, and 56 days after insertion and at 3 days and at weekly intervals until 7 weeks after load application. The ratio of the metabolic activity around the implants to that around a reference site (uptake ratio) was established. The Friedman, Steel, and Tukey tests (P < .05) were used to assess statistical significance. Results: In the process of osseointegration, the uptake ratio increased during the first week after implant insertion and then gradually decreased. During the initial 3 weeks the uptake ratio was significantly higher than at 1 day after insertion. In the process of load application, the uptake ratio increased with 2.0- and 4.0-N loads; it was significantly higher until 6 weeks than it had been before load application. Conclusions: Bone metabolism around the implants increases with loading and depends on the magnitude and period of the loading.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)827-834
ページ数8
ジャーナルInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
23
5
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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