This experimental study evaluated the effects of deproteinized bone grafts on guided bone regeneration (GBR). A groove was made in the bone marrow of the external cortical plate of the skull. A dome of non-resorbable membrane was placed on the groove and secured with titanium pins. The secluded graft space was filled with autogenous blood clots (control group) and deproteinized bone particles (experimental group). The rabbits were sacrified 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the operation. Decalcified and paraffin-embedded, transverse 3μm-thick sections were made and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The proportions of newly formed bone and newly formed bone-graft particle contact surfaces were histomorphometrically measured in the basal, central, and peripheral areas from the cortical plate to the top of the dome. In the control group, the basal area showed a significant increase at 4 weeks (P<0.01) and a significant decrease at 8 weeks (P<0.01). The central and peripheral areas showed gradual increases in the proportion of newly formed bone. The experimental group showed significant increase at 4 weeks in the basal area and at 8 weeks in central and peripheral area (P<0.01). There were significant differences between both groups in basal and central area (P<0.01). The proportion of newly formed bone-graft particle contact length showed significant increases at 4 weeks (P<0.01) and no significant decreases at 8 and 12 weeks in three areas. The present study showed that deproteinized bone grafts maintain newly formed bone in extensive areas for a prolonged period during GBR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery