Background: Cerebral hyperperfusion (CHP) syndrome is a potential complication of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis for moyamoya disease (MMD), but its biphasic and delayed development is extremely rare. Case report: A 47-year-old woman with autosomal dominant kidney disease (ADPKD) presented with transient ischemic attacks due to MMD, and underwent left STA-MCA anastomosis. N-isopropyl-p-[123I] iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography (123IMP-SPECT) 1 day after surgery revealed asymptomatic CHP at the site of anastomosis. Strict blood pressure control and minocycline hydrochloride relieved CHP at postoperative day 7. However, 2 days later, the patient complained of sensory aphasia, and 123IMP-SPECT demonstrated significant focal CHP at the site of anastomosis accompanying high-intensity signal on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) in her left temporal lobe near the site of anastomosis. We continued strict blood pressure control and additionally administered free radical scavenger (Edaravone) and antiepileptic agents, which gradually improved sensory aphasia. MR imaging and 123IMP-SPECT also confirmed the amelioration of the FLAIR-high lesion and focal CHP in her left temporal lobe. Two months later, the patient underwent right STA-MCA anastomosis without complications. Conclusions: Although the underlying mechanism is unknown, biphasic development of focal CHP after revascularization surgery in an MMD patient with ADPKD is unique. Due to the potential vulnerability of the systemic vessels in ADPKD, it is conceivable that intrinsic vascular wall fragility in MMD could be enhanced by ADPKD and have partly led to this rare complication.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 11|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine