Biosynthesis of ascorbic acid in legume root nodules

Manuel A. Matamoros, Jorge Loscos, Maria J. Coronado, Javier Ramos, Shusei Sato, Pilar S. Testillano, Satoshi Tabata, Manuel Becana

研究成果: Article査読

50 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is a major antioxidant and red ox buffer, but is also involved in other critical processes of plants. Recently, the hypothesis has been proposed that legume nodules are unable to synthesize ascorbate and have to import it from the shoot or root, thus providing a means by which the plant regulates nodule senescence. The last step of ascorbate biosynthesis in plants is catalyzed by L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (GalLDH). The mRNAs encoding GalLDH and three other enzymes involved in ascorbate biosynthesis are clearly detectable in nodules. Furthermore, an active membrane-bound GalLDH enzyme is present in nodule mitochondria. Biochemical assays on dissected nodules reveal that GalLDH activity and ascorbate are correlated in nodule tissues and predominantly localized in the infected zone, with lower levels of both parameters (relative to the infected tissues) in the apex (87%) and senescent region (43%) of indeterminate nodules and in the peripheral tissues (65%) of determinate nodules. In situ RNA hybridization showed that the GalLDH mRNA is particularly abundant in the infected zone of indeterminate and determinate nodules. Thus, our results refute the hypothesis that ascorbate is not synthesized in nodules and lend support to a previous conclusion that ascorbate in the infected zone is primarily involved in the protection of host cells against peroxide damage. Likewise, the high ascorbate and GalLDH activity levels found in the apex of indeterminate nodules strongly suggest a participation of ascorbate in additional functions during symbiosis, possibly related to cell growth and division and to molecular signaling.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1068-1077
ページ数10
ジャーナルPlant physiology
141
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 7月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 遺伝学
  • 植物科学

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