This study aimed to develop a sensitive and reliable immunoassay by applying a highly functional phospholipid polymer biointerface. We synthesized a phospholipid polymer-poly[2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate (BMA)-co-p-nitrophenyloxycarbonyl poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (MEONP)] (PMBN). MEONP contains active ester groups on the side chains for immobilization of antibodies via oxyethylene. PMBN with different compositions and oxyethylene chain lengths were synthesized; their effects on nonspecific and specific values in the immunoassay were evaluated. MPC units reduce the background by preventing nonspecific protein adsorption. MEONP units could conjugate antibodies and enhance the specific signal. The specific signal was independent of the oxyethylene chain length, but long oxyethylene chains increased the background. Specific signals corresponding to the antigen were observed with the PMBN coating, and a liner standard curve was obtained. The PMBN-coated surface maintained residual activity after long-term storage. This surface affords a low background without requiring blocking treatment and is suitable for immobilized antibodies.
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