BiI3 single crystals were grown by the physical vapor transport method. The repeated sublimation of the starting material reduced impurities in the BiI3 single crystal to sub-ppm levels. The detector was fabricated by depositing Au electrodes on both surfaces of the 100-μm-thick BiI3 single crystal platelet. The resistivity of the BiI3 single crystal was increased by post-annealing in an iodine atmosphere (ρ=1.6×1011 Ω cm). Pulse height spectroscopy measurements showed clear peaks in the energy spectrum of alpha particles or gamma rays. It was estimated that the mobility-lifetime product was μeτe=3.4-8.5×10-6 cm2/V and the electron-hole pair creation energy was 5.8 eV. Our results show that BiI3 single crystals are promising candidates for detectors used in radiographic imaging or gamma ray spectroscopy.
|ジャーナル||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2016 1 11|
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