Benidipine suppresses in situ proliferation of leukocytes and slows the progression of renal fibrosis in rat kidneys with advanced chronic renal failure

Itsuro Kazama, Asuka Baba, Mitsunobu Matsubara, Yasuhiro Endo, Hiroaki Toyama, Yutaka Ejima

研究成果: Article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background/Aims: Leukocytes, such as lymphocytes and macrophages, predominantly express delayed rectifier K+ channels (Kv1.3) in their plasma membranes. In our previous study, the overexpression of these channels in leukocytes was strongly associated with their proliferation in kidneys and the progression of renal fibrosis in advanced-stage chronic renal failure (CRF). Since benidipine, a long-acting 1,4-dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel blocker, is also highly potent as a Kv1.3 channel inhibitor, it could exert therapeutic efficacy in advanced CRF. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats that underwent 5/6 nephrectomy followed by a 14-week recovery period were used as the model of advanced CRF. Benidipine hydrochloride (5 mg/kg) was started at 8 weeks after nephrectomy and orally administered daily for 6 weeks. The histopathological features of the kidneys were examined in vehicle-treated and benidipine-treated CRF rat kidneys. Cellular proliferation of leukocytes and the cortical expression of proinflammatory cytokines were also examined. Results: In CRF rat kidneys, Kv1.3 channels began to be overexpressed in leukocytes as early as 8 weeks after nephrectomy. In the cortical interstitium of benidipine-treated CRF rat kidneys, both immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR demonstrated decreased expression of fibrotic markers. Benidipine treatment significantly reduced the number of proliferating leukocytes within the cortical interstitium and decreased the expression of cell cycle markers and proinflammatory cytokines. Conclusion: This study demonstrated for the first time that benidipine slowed the progression of renal fibrosis in rat kidneys with advanced CRF. Kv1.3 channels overexpressed in leukocytes were thought to be the most likely therapeutic targets of benidipine in decreasing the number of proliferating leukocytes and repressing the production of inflammatory cytokines.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)67-79
ページ数13
ジャーナルNephron - Experimental Nephrology
128
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 4 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 遺伝学
  • 腎臓病学

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