The ClC chloride channels control the ionic composition of the cytoplasm and the volume of cells, and regulate electrical excitability. Recently, it has been proposed that prokaryotic ClC channels are H+-Cl- exchange transporter. Although X-ray and molecular dynamics (MD) studies of bacterial ClC channels have investigated the filter open-close and ion permeation mechanism of channels, details have remained unclear. We performed MD simulations of ClC channels involving H+, Na+, K +, or H3O+ in the intracellular region to elucidate the open-close mechanism, and to clarify the role of H+ ion an H+-Cl- exchange transporter. Our simulations revealed that H+ and Na+ caused channel opening and the passage of Cl- ions. Na+ induced a bead-like string of Cl --Na+-Cl--Na+-Cl- ions to form and permeate through ClC channels to the intracellular side with the widening of the channel pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry