We have been studying a real-time detection method for tissue changes induced by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment using ultrasonic RF signals. It has been difficult to track the target region when the tissue to be treated deviates from the imaging plane along the elevation axis of the probe. In this study, a new 1.5-dimensional (1.5D) prototype phased array probe consisting of transducer elements along both the lateral and elevation axes was developed to track tissue motion along the elevation axis of the probe, and the elevational displacement range where the tracking is effective was investigated. The complex cross-correlation coefficient based on a block matching algorithm was applied to 2.5D volumetric RF images acquired by the 1.5D probe and the displacement vector along the elevation axis was calculated. From the results, it was found that the effective tracking range using this prototype probe was up to 3mm, about 3 times that of a conventional 1D imaging probe. The proposed 1.5D phased array probe has the potential to track target tissue with intrafractional motion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas