Backarc spreading and mantle wedge flow beneath the Japan Sea: Insight from Rayleigh-wave anisotropic tomography

Xin Liu, Dapeng Zhao

研究成果: Article査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We present the first high-resolution Rayleigh-wave phase-velocity azimuthal anisotropy tomography of the Japan subduction zone at periods of 20-150 s, which is determined using a large number of high-quality amplitude and phase data of teleseismic fundamental-mode Rayleigh waves. The obtained 2-D anisotropic phase-velocity models are then inverted for a 3-D shear-wave velocity azimuthal anisotropy tomography down to a depth of ~300 km beneath Japan. The subducting Pacific slab is imaged as a dipping high-velocity zone with trench-parallel fast-velocity directions (FVDs) which may indicate the anisotropy arising from the normal faults produced at the outer-rise area near the Japan trench axis, overprinting the slab fossil fabric, whereas the mantle wedge generally exhibits lower velocities with trenchnormal FVDs which reflect subduction-driven corner flow and anisotropy. Depth variations of azimuthal anisotropy are revealed in the big mantle wedge beneath the Japan Sea, which may reflect past deformations in the Eurasian lithosphere related to backarc spreading during 21 to 15 Ma and complex current convection in the asthenosphere induced by active subductions of both the Pacific and Philippine Sea plates.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)357-373
ページ数17
ジャーナルGeophysical Journal International
207
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 10 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球物理学
  • 地球化学および岩石学

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