Axial and nonaxial migration of red blood cells in a microtube

Naoki Takeishi, Hiroshi Yamashita, Toshihiro Omori, Naoto Yokoyama, Masako Sugihara-Seki

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Human red blood cells (RBCs) are subjected to high viscous shear stress, especially during microcirculation, resulting in stable deformed shapes such as parachute or slipper shape. Those unique deformed RBC shapes, accompanied with axial or nonaxial migration, cannot be fully described according to traditional knowledge about lateral movement of deformable spherical particles. Although several experimental and numerical studies have investigated RBC behavior in microchannels with similar diameters as RBCs, the detailed mechanical characteristics of RBC lateral movement—in particular, regarding the relationship between stable deformed shapes, equilibrium radial RBC position, and membrane load—has not yet been fully described. Thus, we numerically investigated the behavior of single RBCs with radii of 4 µm in a circular microchannel with diameters of 15 µm. Flow was assumed to be almost inertialess. The problem was characterized by the capillary number, which is the ratio between fluid viscous force and membrane elastic force. The power (or energy dissipation) associated with membrane deformations was introduced to quantify the state of membrane loads. Simulations were performed with different capillary numbers, viscosity ratios of the internal to external fluids of RBCs, and initial RBC centroid positions. Our numerical results demonstrated that axial or nonaxial migration of RBC depended on the stable deformed RBC shapes, and the equilibrium radial position of the RBC centroid correlated well with energy expenditure associated with membrane deformations.

本文言語English
論文番号1162
ジャーナルMicromachines
12
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 制御およびシステム工学
  • 機械工学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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