Aromatic substrate molecules bind at the distal heme pocket of myeloperoxidase

Hiroshi Hori, Roger E. Fenna, Shioko Kimura, Masao Ikeda-Saito

研究成果: Article査読

60 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Binding of aromatic substrate molecules to myeloperoxidase has been investigated by EPR spectroscopy and model building. Binding of aromatic substrate molecules, such as phenol, p-cresol, resorcinol, and 4-amino salicylate, replaces the original rhombic high spin EPR spectrum of the ferric enzyme (g = 6.74, 5.18, and 1.97) by another high spin signal (g = 7.04, 4.87, and 1.93) indicating that these substrate molecules bind near the heme center of the enzyme. Salicylhydroxamic acid and benzohydroxamic acid complexes of myeloperoxidase showed EPR spectra composed of high spin (g = 6.99, 4.93, and 1.95) and low spin (2.66, 2.22, and 1.81) signals. The hydroxamic side chains of these two substrates seem to interact with the heme iron. Model building based on the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme (Zeng, J., and Fenna, R. E. (1992) J. Mol. Biol. 226, 185-207) revealed the presence of a hydrophobic pocket at the entrance of the distal heme cavity where the aromatic ring of these substrates can bind. Moreover, the six- membered ring portion of salicylhydroxamic acid and benzohydroxamic acid could bind to this hydrophobic pocket with the hydroxamic side chain placed between the imidazole of the distal His and the heme iron. The EPR results on lactoperoxidase and intestinal peroxidase also suggest the presence of an aromatic substrate binding site similar to that of myeloperoxidase.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)8388-8392
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
269
11
出版ステータスPublished - 1994 3 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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