Ancilla-assisted enhancement of channel estimation for low-noise parameters

Masahiro Hotta, Tokishiro Karasawa, Masanao Ozawa

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)


In order to make a unified treatment for estimation problems of a very small noise or a very weak signal in a quantum process, we introduce the notion of a low-noise quantum channel with one noise parameter. It is known in several examples that prior entanglement together with nonlocal output measurement improves the performance of the channel estimation. In this paper, we study this "ancilla-assisted enhancementa" for estimation of the noise parameter in a general low-noise channel. For channels on two level systems we prove that the enhancement factor, the ratio of the Fisher information of the ancilla-assisted estimation to that of the original one, is always upper bounded by 3/2. Some conditions for the attainability are also given with illustrative examples.

ジャーナルPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 11 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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