Analysis of the mechanism for the development of allergic skin inflammation and the application for its treatment: Establishment of a modified allergic dermatitis model in mouse ear lobes by application of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate: Putative involvement of thymic stromal lymphopoietin and roles of histamine

Noriyasu Hirasawa, Yuhsuke Ohsawa, Kenji Ishihara, Toshio Seyama, Jang Ja Hong, Kazuo Ohuchi

研究成果: Article査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We established a novel allergic dermatitis model in mouse ear lobes in which antigen-nonspecific inflammation was induced by painting 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) between sensitization and challenge with picryl chloride (PiCl). This model has an advantage for analyzing atopic dermatitis-like inflammation within a short period. Analysis of the time course changes in the PiCl-induced swelling showed that the allergic inflammation was shifted from a delayed-type response to a biphasic response consisting of a weak immediatephase response and a late-phase response by painting with TPA. The application of TPA increased the PiCl-induced infiltration of eosinophils and mast cells at the inflammatory site and shifted the cytokine milieu from Th1 to Th2. The expression of the Th2-inducing cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) mRNA was also increased by TPA. These findings suggested that the induction of antigen-nonspecific inflammation by TPA before the antigen challenge enhanced the Th2 response and modified the PiCl-induced delayed type-hypersensitivity. Using this model, we clarified that histamine plays significant roles in the early-phase swelling via H1 receptors and the late-phase swelling via H3/H4 receptors. Thus, we suggested the usefulness of the combined treatment with an H1 antagonist and an H4 antagonist for the suppression of atopic dermatitis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)245-250
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
110
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子医療
  • 薬理学

フィンガープリント

「Analysis of the mechanism for the development of allergic skin inflammation and the application for its treatment: Establishment of a modified allergic dermatitis model in mouse ear lobes by application of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate: Putative involvement of thymic stromal lymphopoietin and roles of histamine」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

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