Demyelinating polyneuropathy associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is quite rare. We herein present the case of a woman patient with a 12-year history of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)-like polyneuropathy who later developed bulbar palsy and respiratory failure. The autopsy findings revealed neuronal loss in the anterior horn and primary motor cortex with degeneration of the corticospinal tracts. Diffuse phosphorylated TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa inclusions were observed in the anterior horn and cerebral cortices, including the temporal lobe. The final diagnosis was ALS with CIDP-like polyneuropathy. Compared with other reports of ALS with CIDP-like polyneuropathy, the present patient was younger and followed a relatively long clinical course, with no upper motor neuron signs.
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